EP 04 PT 3 Decolonization and state-building, 1950 – 1980

Latin America decolonized in the early 19th century. Following the end of World War I, some limited decolonization took place. But as nationalism gathered pace in the 1920s and 1930s mass movements for liberation and independence blossomed. In the aftermath of World War II the decolonization of Asia took place. Starting in the late 1950s and through the 1960s the decolonization of Africa and the Caribbean took place. During the 1970s the decolonization of Oceania took place. Later still, Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa, Timor-Leste and South Sudan achieved their liberation. Today, only a handful of colonies remain.

Part 3 of this Episode explores the key tenets of the development strategy of the newly-independent states of Asia and Africa, import-substituting industrialization, and evaluates the critique that was laid at the door of import-substituting industrialization.